Date Added: Mar 2012
Quickly recovering IP networks from failures is critical to enhancing Internet robustness and availability. Due to their serious impact on network routing, large-scale failures have received increasing attention in recent years. The authors propose an approach called Reactive Two-phase Rerouting (RTR) for intra-domain routing to quickly recover from large-scale failures with the shortest recovery paths. To recover a failed routing path, RTR first forwards packets around the failure area to collect information on failures. Then, in the second phase, RTR calculates a new shortest path and forwards packets along it through source routing. RTR can deal with large-scale failures associated with areas of any shape and location, and is free of permanent loops.