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In ad-hoc networks the mobile nodes communicate with each other using multi-hop wireless links. The main drawback of such network is that there are no stationary infrastructures to route the packets. Hence, routing protocols have to adapt quickly and elegantly to frequent and unpredictable changes in network technology and they have to do so while conserving the memory, power and bandwidth resource. The ant colony optimization technique implemented upon such networks have helped the nodes in finding the routes to different nodes in an optimized way same as ants find the optimum route to its food.
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