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The authors present a number of optimization techniques to compute prefix sums on linked lists and implement them on multithreaded GPUs using CUDA. Prefix computations on linked structures involve in general highly irregular fine grain memory accesses that are typical of many computations on linked lists, trees, and graphs. While the current generation of GPUs provides substantial computational power and extremely high bandwidth memory accesses, they may appear at first to be primarily geared toward streamed, highly data parallel computations. In this paper, they introduce an optimized multithreaded GPU algorithm for prefix computations through a randomization process that reduces the problem to a large number of fine-grain computations.
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