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In this paper, the authors present an extended and optimized version of a smart Direct Memory Access (sDMA) controller supporting different on-the-fly protocol stack acceleration concepts for Long Term Evolution (LTE) mobile terminals. In addition to the downlink processing, they analyze different on-the-fly hardware acceleration modes for the uplink protocol stack processing in Layer 2 (L2). Moreover, the system performance is further improved by adopting parallelization methods. The efficiency of on-the-fly hardware acceleration is proved by comparing the transport block processing times to those achieved with a conventional hardware accelerator. Therefore, a cycle approximate virtual prototype of a state-of-the-art mobile phone platform based on an ARM1176 processor is simulated at LTE-Advanced data rates of up to 1 Gbit/s.
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