Organizational Democracy, Structures And Strategic Leadership

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The paper of leadership has progressed from a simple description of traits to examining complexities of interaction between leaders and followers and since 1940s, the main approach in studying leadership focuses on leadership styles (Athanasaw, 2003). Hambrick and Pettigrew (2001) note two distinctions between the terms leadership and strategic leadership; first, leadership theory refers to leaders at any level in the organization, whereas the strategic leadership theory refers to the study of people at the top of the organization, second, in contrast to the micro focus of leadership research on relationship between leaders and followers, strategic leadership research focuses on executive work, not only as a relational activity but also as a strategic activity and a symbolic activity.