Parallel Disk-Based Computation for Large, Monolithic Binary Decision Diagrams

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Executive Summary

Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) are widely used in formal verification. They are also widely known for consuming large amounts of memory. For larger problems, a BDD computation will often start thrashing due to lack of memory within minutes. This work uses the parallel disks of a cluster or a SAN (Storage Area Network) as an extension of RAM, in order to efficiently compute with BDDs that are orders of magnitude larger than what is available on a typical computer. The use of parallel disks overcomes the bandwidth problem of single disk methods, since the bandwidth of 50 disks is similar to the bandwidth of a single RAM subsystem.

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