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For patriotic citizens, living in their native country is intrinsically preferable compared to living in the diaspora. In this paper, the authors analyze the implications of such a patriotic lock-in in a world with international migration and redistributive taxation. In a formal model of redistribution with international migration and fiscal competition they derive the main hypothesis: those countries with a more patriotic population should have higher redistributive taxes. Using ISSP survey data and combining them with OECD taxation data, they find robust evidence suggesting that higher patriotism is associated with higher tax burdens, and this relation is stronger for the upper-middle range of the income distribution.
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