Percolation Degree of Secondary Users in Cognitive Networks
A cognitive network refers to the one where two overlaid structures, called primary and secondary networks coexist. The primary network consists of primary nodes who are licensed spectrum users while the secondary network comprises unauthorized users that have to access the licensed spectrum opportunistically. In this paper, the authors study the percolation degree of the secondary network to achieve k-percolation in large scale cognitive radio networks. The percolation degree is defined as the number of nearest neighbors for each secondary user when there are at least k vertex-disjoint paths existing between any two secondary relays in the percolated cluster.