Performance Analysis & Behavioural Study of Proactive & Reactive Routing Protocols in MANET

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A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) consists of a number of mobile wireless nodes, the communication between these mobile nodes is carried out without any centralized control. The set of applications for MANET's is diverse, ranging from small, static networks that are constrained by power sources, to large-scale, mobile, highly dynamic networks. The design of network routing for these networks is a complex issue. Irrespective of application, MANET's need efficient distributed algorithms to determine network organization, link scheduling, and routing. In this paper, the authors discuss about simulation & comparison of the performance between two types of routing protocols, Table Driven (Proactive) and On-Demand (Reactive) using the NS-2 simulation tool. These routing protocols compared in terms of packets delivery ratio, average delay and speed.