Performance Analysis of MIMO-OFDM for 4G Wireless Systems under Rayleigh Fading Channel
MIMO-OFDM technology is a combination of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) wireless technology with Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) that has been recognized as one of the most promising techniques to support high data rate and high performance in different channel conditions. Again, Alamouti's space time block coding scheme for MIMO system has drawn much attention in 4G wireless technologies just because of its decoding simplicity. This paper presents the performance evaluation of Alamouti's Space-Time Block Coded (ASTBC) MIMO-OFDM systems covering channel model, channel capacity, coding scheme and diversity gain. The mathematical model of capacity is derived for deterministic, random and correlated Rayleigh fading channels. The channel capacity per unit bandwidth is evaluated as a function of SNR.