Performance Analysis of Multi-Hop Framed ALOHA Systems with Virtual Antenna Arrays
The authors consider a multi-hop virtual multiple-input-multiple-output system, which uses the framed ALOHA, technique to select the radio resource at each hop. In this scenario, the source, destination and relaying nodes cooperate with neighboring devices to exploit spatial diversity by means of the concept of virtual antenna array. They investigate both the optimum number of slots per frame in the slotted structure and once the source-destination distance is fixed, the impact of the number of hops on the system performance. A comparison with deterministic, centralized re-use strategies is also presented. Outage probability, average throughput, and energy efficiency are the metrics used to evaluate the performance.