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The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is one of the Internet's first widely used routing protocols. It is still useful in local and medium area networks. RIP is classified as a distance-vector routing protocol, which employs the hop count as a routing metric, The maximum number of hops allowed for RIP is 15. A hop count of 16 is considered an infinite distance viewing such distance as unreachable and undesirable route in it routing process. This hop count limits the size of network that RIP operates. EIGRP is a Cisco-proprietary routing protocol that is based on IGRP. EIGRP supports CIDR and VLSM, allowing network designers to maximize address space.
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