Performance Analysis of Time Synchronization Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks With Regular Topologies
Time synchronization in wireless sensor networks is an essential issue in their operation. The synchronization is deeply influenced by network size and complexity. System dynamics and algebraic graph theory provide the suitable mathematical framework to describe the dynamical and topological features of complex networks. These features are very useful to understand overall aspects of network time evolution, in particular the ability to achieve steady synchronization states. In this paper, the authors apply the mathematical tools provided by theory to assess the ease of synchronization of a wireless sensor network with regular topology, initially designed to support surveillance applications.