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Virtual machine technology enables agile system deployments in which software components can be cheaply moved, replicated, and allocated hardware resources in a controlled fashion. This paper examines how these facilities can be used to provide enhanced solutions to the classic problem of ensuring high availability while maintaining performance. By regenerating software components to restore the redundancy of a system whenever failures occur, the authors achieve improved availability compared to a system with a fixed redundancy level. Moreover, by smartly controlling component placement and resource allocation using information about application control flow and performance predictions from queuing models, they ensure that the resulting performance degradation is minimized.
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