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A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes with routing capabilities connected by wireless links, the union of which forms a communication network modeled in the form of an arbitrary graph. The vision of Mobile Ad Hoc NETwork (MANET) is wireless internet, where users can move anywhere anytime and still remaining connected with the rest of the world. The main challenges in MANET are reliability, bandwidth and battery power. The network has unpredictable characteristics such as its topology, signal strengths fluctuates with environment and time, communication routes breaks and new ones are formed dynamically. In this paper, communication algorithms and protocols should have very light in computational and storage needs in order to conserve energy and bandwidth.
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