Date Added: Jun 2011
The recent advances and the convergence of micro electro-mechanical systems technology, integrated circuit technologies, microprocessor hardware and nano technology, wireless communications, ad-hoc networking routing protocols, distributed signal processing, and embedded systems have made the concept of wireless networks. Wireless network nodes are limited with respect to energy supply, restricted computational capacity and communication bandwidth. Most of the attention, however, has been given to the routing protocols since they might differ depending on the application and network architecture. To prolong the lifetime of the wireless network nodes, designing efficient routing protocols is critical.