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The guaranteed delivery of critical data is an essential requirement in most Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications. The paucity of energy, communication, processing and storage resources in each WSN node causes the TCP transport model (widely used in broadband networks) to be inefficient in WSNs, a reason why new WSN-specific reliable transport protocols have been proposed in the past few years. This paper presents one of these protocols, the Distributed Transport for Sensor Networks (DTSN). DTSN is able to efficiently support unicast communications in WSNs due to its capabilities to tightly control the amount of signaling and retransmission overhead. The basic loss recovery algorithm is based on Selective Repeat ARQ, employing both positive and negative acknowledgements.
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