Performance of the Fuzzy Vault for Multiple Fingerprints

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Executive Summary

The fuzzy vault is an error tolerant authentication method that ensures the privacy of the stored reference data. Several publications have proposed the application of the fuzzy vault to fingerprints, but the results of subsequent analyses indicate that a single finger does not contain sufficient information for a secure implementation. In this paper, the authors present an implementation of a fuzzy vault based on minutiae information in several fingerprints aiming at a security level comparable to current cryptographic applications. They analyze and empirically evaluate the security, efficiency, and robustness of the construction and several optimizations.

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