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The authors consider the performance of underwater acoustic ad-hoc networks. They assume a uniform distribution of the nodes over a finite area. The node-to-node channel is modeled through the Ricean fading model. They adopt a communication theoretic approach and study the interdependence of the sustainable number of hops through the network, end-to-end frame error probability, power and bandwidth allocation and operating frequency. They find that the network connectivity, given by the sustainable number of hops, exhibits a bimodal behavior. They present numerical examples that illustrate the results of the analysis.
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