Performance of Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Using Ieee 802.11p in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network Environment
Traffic safety applications using Vehicle-To-Vehicle (V2V) communication is an emerging and promising area within the ITS environment. Many of these applications require real-time communication with high reliability. To meet a real-time deadline, timely and predictable access to the channel is paramount. The medium access method used in 802.11p, CSMA with collision avoidance, does not guarantee channel access before a finite deadline. The well-known property of CSMA is undesirable for critical communications scenarios. The simulation results reveal that a specific vehicle is forced to drop over 80% of its packets because no channel access was possible before the next message was generated. To overcome this problem, the authors propose to use STDMA for real-time data traffic between vehicles.