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Phoenix++: Modular MapReduce for Shared-Memory Systems

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Executive Summary

This paper describes the authors' rewrite of Phoenix, a MapReduce framework for shared-memory CMPs and SMPs. Despite successfully demonstrating the applicability of a MapReduce-style pipeline to shared-memory machines, Phoenix has a number of limitations; its uniform intermediate storage of key-value pairs, inefficient combiner implementation, and poor task overhead amortization fail to efficiently support a wide range of MapReduce applications, encouraging users to manually circumvent the framework. They describe an alternative implementation, Phoenix++, that provides a modular, flexible pipeline that can be easily adapted by the user to the characteristics of a particular workload.

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