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In this paper, the authors present a new routing paradigm for wireless multi-hop networks. In plasma routing, each packet is delivered over the best available path to one of the gateways. The choice of the path and gateway for each packet is not made beforehand by the source node, but rather on-the-fly by the mesh routers as the packet traverses the network. They propose a distributed routing algorithm to jointly optimize the transmission rate and the set of gateways each node should use. A load balancing technique is also proposed to disperse the network traffic among multiple gateways.
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