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The authors question whether the impact of constitutions on economic outcomes (Persson and Tabellini, 2004) is direct. They show that voter turnout is a channel through which forms of government affect economic policies. They provide evidence of the existence of two relation-ships: the first links constitutions to voter turnout; the second connects voter turnout to policy outcomes. Presidential regimes are found to induce less voter participation in national elections. They then analyze the impact of constitutional variables and voter participation in shaping fiscal policies. Forms of governments lose their explanatory power once participation is accounted for.
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