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In conventional UMTS cellular networks, during deployment usually a set of NodeBs is assigned to one Radio Network Controller (RNC), and a set of RNCs to one Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) for data services, as well as to one Mobile Switching Centre (MSC) for voice services. Operators thus far have considered single-homing of RNCs to MSCs/SGSNs (i.e., many-to-one mapping) with an objective to reduce the total cost over a fixed period of time. However, a single-homing network does not remain cost-effective any more when subscribers later on begin to show specific inter-MSC/SGSN mobility patterns over time.
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