Power Analysis Attacks on ECC: A Major Security Threat
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are largely deployed in different sectors and applications, and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) is proven to be the most feasible PKC for WSN security. ECC is believed to provide same level of security such as RSA with a much shorter key length, and thus they seem to be ideal for applications with small resources such a sensor network, smartcard, RFID, etc. However, like any other cryptographic primitive, ECC implementations are vulnerable to Power Analysis Attacks (PAAs) that may reveal the secret keys by exploiting leaked power consumption from running cryptographic devices (e.g. smart cards, mobile phones etc.). In this paper, the authors present a comprehensive study of major PAAs and its countermeasures on ECC cryptosystems.