Power Delay Profile and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM

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In this paper, the authors present Cyclic-Prefix (CP) based noise-variance and power-delay-profile estimators for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Signal correlation due to the use of the CP is exploited without requiring additional pilot symbols. A heuristic estimator and a class of approximate Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimators are proposed. The proposed algorithms can be applied to both unitary and non-unitary constellations. These algorithms can be readily used for applications such as Minimum Mean-Square Error (MMSE) channel estimation.