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The information infrastructure for the power networks was often viewed as a collection of individual communication channels, separate databases, multiple systems, and different protocols. Automation systems and controller nodes performed minimal monitoring on data and information availability, validity, and integrity. Like any other industry sector, the electrical power industry is facing challenges involved with the increasing demand for interconnected system operations and control under the restructured electrical industry due to deregulation of the electrical market. This moves automation networks from outdated, proprietary, closed networks to the more current arena of Information Technology (IT).
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