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In this paper, influence of spatial correlation on codebook-based precoding technology is analyzed. Optimum precoder distribution under spatial correlated channel is achieved at first, which is no longer isotropical on the unitary matrix (vector) set. Selection probability of the matrix (vector) in codebook is not uniform too. Then, a novel codebook design is presented for spatial correlated channel, which is termed as non-uniform codebook. Codebook is designed as function of spatial correlation characteristic of channel and presents a non-uniform quantization of unitary vector set. Smaller quantization error and higher spectral efficiency can be achieved by proposed codebook design than that of traditional fixed uniform codebook design, with the cost of slight feedback overhead increasing.
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