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The nodes in ad hoc networks are mostly the PDA's, Laptops or sensors those have many constraints on them with respect to bandwidth, power, processing and other wireless capabilities. They share each other communication facilities in order to achieve overall system connectivity. One node by itself, with such limited characteristics, is not capable of large communication range, but when nodes collaborate helping each other in forwarding information from source to destination, the total value of network is much higher than the sum of communication span of each node. MANETs fashioned in conditions where mobile devices require network applications, while a fixed infrastructure and permanent network is not available or not ideal to be used.
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