Privacy and Information Technology

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Executive Summary

In both law and ethics, "Privacy" is an umbrella term for a wide variety of interests. Much of the vast literature on privacy has focused on an interest protected in American tort law referred to as the crucial core of privacy, and often described as "Having control over information about oneself." Beginning in 1965, the United States Supreme Court also recognized an apparently distinct constitutional right to privacy. Because there is no right to privacy explicitly guaranteed in the Constitution, however, and the constitutional cases invoking this right are so diverse, there has been a great deal of criticism and controversy surrounding the constitutional right of privacy.

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