Prox-RBAC: A Proximity-Based Spatially Aware RBAC

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As mobile computing devices are becoming increasingly dominant in enterprise and government organizations, the need for fine-grained access control in these environments continues to grow. Specifically, advanced forms of access control can be deployed to ensure authorized users can access sensitive resources only when in trusted locations. One technique that has been proposed is to augment Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) with spatial constraints. In such a system, an authorized user must be in a designated location in order to exercise the privileges associated with a role. In this paper, the authors extend spatially aware RBAC systems by defining the notion of proximity-based RBAC.