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Quasi-Fiscal Policies Of Independent Central Banks And Inflation

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Executive Summary

Recently, central banks expanded their balance sheets by unconventional actions, including credit easing operations. Although such quasi-fiscal operations are significant in size and assumed to be crucial for the economy's recovery, little theory is available to explain the possible macroeconomic consequences of these operations. The main contribution of this paper is to show that quasi-fiscal shocks may affect inflation in plausible cases by utilizing a simple DSGE model that embraces the budgetary independence of the central banks. In the active quasi-fiscal policy regime, the shocks in the central bank's earnings alter the private agent's portfolio between consumption and the nominal money balance, thus affecting inflation.

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