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Many advanced data management operations (e.g., incremental maintenance, trust assessment, debugging schema mappings, keyword search over databases, or query answering in probabilistic databases), involve computations that look at how a tuple was produced, e.g., to determine its score or existence. This requires answers to queries such as, "Is this data derivable from trusted tuples?"; "What tuples are derived from this relation?"; or "What score should this answer receive, given initial scores of the base tuples?". Such questions can be answered by consulting the provenance of query results.
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