R-Code: Network Coding Based Reliable Broadcast in Wireless Mesh Networks With Unreliable Links

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Broadcast is an important primitive in Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). Applications like network-wide software update require reliable reception of the content with low-latency and high scalability (i.e., utilizing little bandwidth resource). In reality, the link layer broadcast transmission in WMNs is unreliable, which makes these goals hard to be attained at the same time. In this paper, the authors consider one-to-all broadcast scenarios and put forward R-Code, a reliable and efficient broadcast protocol based on intra-flow network coding. The key idea is to construct a minimum spanning tree as a backbone whose link weight is the expected number of transmissions on that link.