Randomized Self-Stabilizing Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) pose challenges not present in classical distributed systems: resource limitations, high failure rates, and ad hoc deployment. The lossy nature of wireless communication can lead to situations, where nodes lose synchrony and programs reach arbitrary states. Traditional approaches to fault tolerance like replication or global resets are not feasible. In this paper, the concept of self-stabilization is applied to WSNs. The majority of self-stabilizing algorithms found in the literature is based on models not suitable for WSNs: shared memory model, central daemon scheduler, unique processor identifiers, and atomicity. This paper proposes problem-independent transformations for algorithms that stabilize under the central daemon scheduler such that they meet the demands of a WSN.

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