Rate Adaptation in Visual MIMO
The authors propose a rate adaptation scheme for visual MIMO camera-based communications, wherein parallel data transmissions from light emitting arrays are received by multiple receive elements of a CCD/CMOS camera image sensor. Unlike RF MIMO, multipath fading is negligible in the visual MIMO channel. Instead, the channel is largely dependent on receiver perspective (distance and angle) and visibility issues (partial line-of-sight availability and occlusions). This allows for slower adaptation but requires the adaptation algorithm to choose among a more complex set of modes. In this paper, they define a set of operating modes for visual MIMO transmitters and propose a rate adaptation scheme to switch between these modes.