Reducing End to End Per Packet Energy Consumption
A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) consists of mobile nodes which cooperate in forwarding information in mobile ad-hoc network. In this paper, the authors focus mainly on the end to end per packet energy consumption. They first find the destination address in the network, find all the possible paths to reach the destination, select the shortest path to send the information, calculate the energy required to send the information from source to destination and calculate time to send. They take coherence time as maximum time for which end to end quality of service remains constant and spreading period as minimum time to spread information to all the nodes and finally they show a graph.