Reducing the Overhead of OFDM Communications Over Underwater Acoustic Channels

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Executive Summary

In this paper, the authors propose a receiver design for Single-Input Multiple-Output (SIMO) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) communications over UnderWater Acoustic (UWA) channels. The proposed design consists of two key components: time reversal based symbol detection that enables the use of short guard time intervals for inter-block interference avoidance; and decision-directed channel tracking with error propagation control that eliminates the need of periodic training for channel tracking. The goal of their design is to improve bandwidth efficiency by reducing the amount of overhead typically associated with SIMO-OFDM UWA communications. The proposed design is tested at a sea-going experiment.

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