Refinements of Miller's Algorithm Over Weierstrass Curves Revisited
In 1986 Victor Miller described an algorithm for computing the Weil pairing in his unpublished manuscript. This algorithm has then become the core of all pairing-based cryptosystems. Many improvements of the algorithm have been presented. Most of them involve a choice of elliptic curves of a special forms to exploit a possible twist during Tate pairing computation. Other improvements involve a reduction of the number of iterations in the Miller's algorithm. For the generic case, Blake, Murty and Xu proposed three refinements to Miller's algorithm over Weierstrass curves.