Reliable Data Delivery in Sparse WSNs With Multiple Mobile Sinks: An Experimental Analysis
Urban sensing is emerging as a significant Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) application. In such a scenario, static sensors are sparsely deployed in a urban area to collect environmental information. Sensed data are opportunistically collected by Mobile Sinks (MSs), which can be other sensor nodes attached to cars or buses, or carried by people while they move around the city. Since the contacts between the MSs and the static sensors are infrequent and short, reliable and energy efficient data collection is a primary concern of such applications. To this end, the authors exploit a hybrid data delivery scheme based on both Erasure Coding (EC) and feedback by the MSs.