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Video streaming over wireless links is a challenging issue due to the stringent Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements of video traffic, the limited wireless channel bandwidth and the broadcast nature of wireless medium. As contention-based or reservation-based (i.e., contention-free) Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols in existing wireless link-layer standards cannot efficiently support multimedia applications such as video streaming, a hybrid approach has been proposed, which uses both contention and reservation-based channel access mechanisms to transmit packets for each video source. Using this content-aware resource management approach, each video source reserves well below its peak data rate, and uses contention-based media access to transmit the remainder of the packets.
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