Ricean K-Factors in Narrow-Band Fixed Wireless Channels: Theory, Experiments, and Statistical Models

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Executive Summary

Fixed wireless channels in suburban macrocells are subject to fading due to scattering by moving objects such as windblown trees and foliage in the environment. When, as is often the case, the fading follows a Ricean distribution, the first-order statistics of fading are completely described by the corresponding average path gain and Ricean K-factor. Because such fading has important implications for the design of both narrow-band and wideband multipoint communication systems that are deployed in such environments, it must be well characterized.

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