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The authors address the problem of transmits beamforming under channel uncertainties for a multiuser MIMO system, where both the transmitter and the receiver are equipped with multiple antennas. In transmit beamforming multi-user multiplexing is performed using spatial diversity techniques so that a base-station could serve multiple users in the same frequency band enabling a substantial saving in bandwidth utilization. However, such techniques require nearly perfect knowledge of the channel state information at the transmitter, which is generally not available in practise. In this paper, they propose robust spatial multiplexing schemes based on a worst case performance optimization by incorporating imperfect channel state information.
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