Route Optimization Mechanisms for Internet Applications in Mobile Networks: A Survey
The use of mobile networks is rapidly increasing day by day. There are two aspects in mobile networks such as host mobility and network mobility. The protocols used for host mobility takes care of only single node to be connected with the internet. But, the protocols used for network mobility takes care of whole network to be connected with the internet using mobile router. The need for NEtwork MObility (NEMO) support is inevitable in mobile platforms such as car, bus, train, air-plane, etc. The Mobile Internet Protocol version 6 (MIPv6) and NEMO Basic Support Protocol (BSP) is used to support host mobility and network mobility, respectively.