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Runtime Asynchronous Fault Tolerance Via Speculation

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Executive Summary

Transient faults are emerging as a critical reliability concern in modern microprocessors. Redundant hardware solutions are commonly deployed to detect transient faults, but they are less flexible and cost-effective than software solutions. However, software solutions are rendered impractical because of high performance overheads. To address this problem, this paper presents Run-time Asynchronous Fault Tolerance via Speculation (RAFT), the fastest transient fault detection technique known to date. Serving as a layer between the application and the underlying platform, RAFT automatically generates two symmetric program instances from a program binary.

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