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Address auto-configuration is one of the fundamental issues in Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANET). A node must need some form of identity before participating in any sort of communication. So each host in a MANET needs to be uniquely addressed so that the packets can be relayed hop-by-hop and delivered ultimately to the desired destination. Moreover, nodes in the MANET are free to move and organize themselves in an arbitrary fashion. Therefore any fixed infrastructure based solution for assigning identity (i.e., IP address) is not directly applicable to MANET. Under this infrastructureless and sporadic nature of the mobile nodes, several protocols of address auto-configuration in the Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANET) have been proposed.
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