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Group communication services typically generate large multicast data streams. Delivering such massive data streams to the end system nodes at the edge of the Internet has been a challenging problem in terms of high stress on the network links and high demand on network resources and routing node capacities. Most of existing research has been dedicated on geo-distance based routing with various optimizations to alleviate the performance impact on geo-distance based routing due to unpredictable network dynamics. Most representative techniques are targeted at reducing the delivery path length or optimizing routing path by utilizing network locality. In this paper, the authors identify the inefficiency of geo-distance based routing protocols in many existing multicast overlay networks in terms of both resource utilization and group communication efficiency.
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