Scene Tagging: Image-Based CAPTCHA Using Image Composition and Object Relationships

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Executive Summary

In this paper, the authors propose a new form of image-based CAPTCHA they term "Scene tagging". It tests the ability to recognize a relationship between multiple objects in an image that is automatically generated via composition of a background image with multiple irregularly shaped object images, resulting in a large space of possible images and questions without requiring a large object database. This composition process is accompanied by a carefully designed sequence of systematic image distortions that makes it difficult for automated attacks to locate/identify objects present. Automated attacks must recognize all or most objects contained in the image in order to answer a question correctly, thus the proposed approach reduces attack success rates.

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