Scheduling Data Delivery in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

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In this paper the authors present a proxy-level scheduler that can significantly improve QoS in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks while at the same time reducing the overall power consumption. The scheduler is transparent to both applications and MAC in order to take the advantage of the standard off-the-shelf components. The proposed scheduling reduces collisions through a generalized TDMA implementation, and thus improves throughput and QoS, by activating only a subset of stations at a time. Power savings are achieved by scheduling transfer of larger bursts of IP packets followed by longer idle periods during which node's radio can either enter sleep or be turned off.