Secret Key Generation Over Correlated Wireless Fading Channels Using Vector Quantization
Vector quantization schemes are proposed to extract secret keys from correlated wireless fading channels. By assuming that the channel between two terminals are reciprocal, its estimates can be used as the common randomness for generating secret keys at the two terminals. Most schemes in the literature assume that channels are independent over time and utilize scalar quantization on each element of the estimated channel vector to generate secret key bits. These schemes are simple to implement but yield high Key Disagreement Probability (KDP) at low SNR and low key entropy when channels are highly correlated.